The bones within the joint are coated with a shiny, smooth substance known as articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is the material in the joints of the body which helps the bones to move against each other. When this Cartilage start degenerating with age and wear and tear it causes pain and movement restriction.
This is because of the wear and tear that happens in the years following the injury.
- Previous ankle injury is the most common cause of ankle arthritis
- Injuries to the joint
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Reactive arthritis
- Blood disorders
- Avascular talus necrosis
- Osteochondrosis dissecans
- Pain with motion
- Pain that flares up with vigorous activity
- Tenderness when pressure is applied to the joint
- Joint swelling, warmth, and redness
- Increased pain and swelling in the morning, or after sitting or resting
- Difficulty in walking due to any of the above symptoms
- Ankle Popping
Minimizing activities that aggravate the condition.
Switching from high-impact activities (like jogging or tennis) to lower impact activities (like swimming or cycling) to lessen the stress on foot and ankle.
Losing weight to reduce stress on the joints, resulting in less pain and increased function.
Arthrodesis (fusion). Arthrodesis fuses the bones of the joint completely, making one continuous bone out of two or more bones. The goal of the procedure is to reduce pain by eliminating motion in the arthritic joint.
Total ankle replacement (arthroplasty). In total ankle replacement, doctor removes the damaged cartilage and bone, and then positions new metal or plastic joint surfaces to restore the function of the joint.Ankle replacement is most often recommended for patients who have:
Advanced arthritis of the ankle
Arthritis that has destroyed the ankle joint surfaces
Ankle pain that interferes with daily activities